Most Common Football Injuries - Concussion
Answered by Tim Arnold, Lead ATC
A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury caused by a bump, blow, jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly in a back and forth motion. This sudden movement can cause the brain to bounce or twist in the skull, creating chemical changes and brusing.
Here are signs of a concussion:
- Can’t recall events prior to or after a hit or fall
- Appears dazed or stunned
- Forgets an instruction, is confused about an assignment or position or is unsure of the game, score or opponent.
- Moves clumsily
- Answers questions slowly
- Loses consciousness (even briefly)
- Shows mood, behavior or personality changes
- Headache or “pressure” in head
- Nausea or vomiting
- Balance problems or dizziness, or double or blurry vision
- Bothered by light or noise
- Feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy or groggy
- Confusion, concentration or memory problems
- Just not “feeling right,” or “feeling down”
If any of the above symptoms get worse, seek treatment at a hospital emergency department.
The following symptoms should cause a concern and seek medical attention quickly:
- One pupil is larger than the other
- Drowsiness or inability to wake up
- A headache that gets worse and does not go away
- Slurred speech, weakness, numbness or decreased coordination
- Repeated vomiting or nausea, convulsions or seizures (shaking or twitching)
- Unusual behavior, increased confusion, restlessness or agitation
- Loss of consciousness (passed out/knocked out). Even a brief loss of consciousness should be taken seriously
Recovery from a concussion
Everyone heals at their own rate, so with that said no concussion is the same. It might take one person a week to get better and some two to three weeks. Here are some things you can do to put yourself in a better environment to heal as quickly as your body can:
- Rest and that includes no television, iPad, Phones, social media or homework.
After a day or two of decent rest, you will be able to perform light activity. If you don’t experience any symptoms on day two, you may advance to moderate activity. In a week or so, you will be able to return to normal activity. This process should be followed for classroom as well.
OSC is proud to be affiliated with the following teams in order to provide physician support services.
- Seminole State College
- Oklahoma City Blazers Hockey
- University of Oklahoma Rugby
- University of Oklahoma Hockey
- Norman Colts Rugby Club
- Pauls Valley High School
- Stratford High School
- Purcell High School
- Norman Youth Soccer Association (sponsors of the OSC cup)
- OK Premier Volleyball Club
- OKC Juniors Volleyball Academy
- Oklahoma Elite Rugby Development Academy
- Oklahoma Victory Dolls Roller Derby League
We pride ourselves in offering premier service, instant accessibility and personal care for our patients. If you’re interested in having OSC provide physician support for your team or organization, contact Tim Arnold.